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Full text of "Superintendents of the Yellowstone National Parks Monthly Report, January 1920"

DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR 
NATIONAL PARK SERVICE 

YELLOWSTONE NATIONAL PARK 
YELLOWSTONE PARK, WYO. 

FICE OF THE SUPERINTENDENT 

Copy from 

PILE 143 



MONTHLY REPORT 

for 

January, 

19 2 0. 






MOOTHLY REPORT, 
1920. 

January. 



TABLE OF COMMENTS. 



> 



» 



I. 




Pag( 

1 


II. 




2 


III. 




5 


IV. 




5 


V. 




R 


VI. 
VII, 




8 
R 


VIII. 




a 


IX. 


Other Matters of Interest..., 


8 

R 




Birds 


14 






14 




Seasonal Changes 

Arrests & Violations of Law 


15 




Accidents and Casualties... 














15 
15 










16 

17 


X. 





DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR 
NATIONAL PARK SERVICE 

YELLOWSTONE NATIONAL PARK 
YELLOWSTONE PARK. WYO. 

OFFICE OF THE SUPERINTENDENT 

February 9, 1920. 



-'he vlreotor, 
Sttlonal -'ark Service, 
Department of the Interior, 
ashlar; ton, B. . 

Urn following la ny report en eonditione In Yellow- 
stone national ark and on the operation of the perk for the 
aonth of January* 1920: 

mmao, oobmhobsi 

January being mild with unusually light snowfall, 
ranch relief wae afforded from the almost unprecedented winter 
conditions of November and December. 

lth the exception of 1896 and 1914 the aonth wae the 
since the beginning of the record In 1987. 3ie 
van below aero on three days only during the month: 
the lowest, -11 degrees, occurred In the cold wore of the 8th 
and 9th, which was of short duration. 

tight snow e occurred on several days *ut the total 
fall was only 2.9 Inches, which is the least total for January 
In 33 years 1 record, .'here wae considerable -citing of the 
anew, but an average of 8.6 Inehea of oempaet enow remained on 
the ground at the close of the month. 

Bo storms of oonaepnenee ooeurred and taking the 
month as a whole it may be considered one of the meet pleasant 
midwinter months of nhloh there is record. 

Jhe monthly Ueteorologleal ammaary furnished by the 
eather Bureau, la inclosed herewith. The depth of enow at 
various points in the park at the end of January was aa follows: 



naaaoth 


. 


ImaBmm. 


Gallatin 




*i 


fcrerajac 






Lake 


34.5 


<l 


Sylvan ass 


37.0 


•t 


Snake River 


49.0 


*« 


Buffalo Farm 


14.5 


t 


lever Falls 


20.0 


fl 


Canyon 


90.0 


*» 


Harris 




tt 



Due to considerable thawing weather la January, this 
Is <?uite eompeot, ud has a greater water content than 
anal for this data. 

JtHBaL* 



lb* only roads «pan to travel other than by new- 
oboes and skis -aero the one to Sardlnsr from headquarters, 
which was In good condition for truck motor traffic throughout 
the month, and from Mammoth to Cooke, Tie toner Palls, which 
was need for sleighs throughout the month by '■*. Frank Line, 
who has the contract for carrying the mil to Cooke, and his 
employees, as there waa scarcely any new anawfa.ll during 
the nenth, this road beeane well peeked, and was in muoh hatter 
condition for travel than usual in January, trucks wore used 
during the entire month for healing freight from Gardiner to 
Headouarters, and for hauling bay from ranches north of the 
perk for feedlnr: the wild aal ale. 

Daily train service waa maintained to iiardioer over 
the park branch of the Northern aolfie Railroad, eseept en 
January 19th, when the track waa Js looked hy the regular train 
getting off the traek at the west end of the yards in Sardiner, 
on account of the spreading of the rails. No mail waa received 
on that dute. 

a will be noted by the Inclosed eopy of the Chief 
Hanger's Report for January, the travel to the park waa 
limited to 9 people who entered from Sardine r to see the wild 
initials, .'his does not include a few people who ease in to 
Mammoth en business, whose names are listed separately in this 
report. 

Iissttf ami an ?plv ?iarket. 

Everything being en a winter basis in the park, no 
demand existed for labor, and but little for supplies, i'hree 
carloads of ooal were received from the mines, at the same 
prices as paid laet fall and under the seme e ntraet. These 
were unleaded and hauled to l&tmmoth by ear regular employees. 
3hree carloads of excellent sawdust were purehaeed at v 40 per 
oar, f. o, b. Druraraond, ontana, shipped to Sardlner and hauled 
to Uemweth end placed en the ioe stored for next summer's use. 

She ooal shortage at Gardiner was finally relieved 
by the shipping in of ooal from Montana mines by local dealers, 
and the work of opening u > the mine in the park about one mile 
south of Otardlaer has been discontinued. But Utile relief was 
secured by opening Jfcia raone, as it was only opened for a 
little over -tof JCt^ and tho coal taken out was not' i 

but surface ooal, though it improved as the tunnel progressed 



-g- 



teak towards the mountain. Bat towards the end Uie sails began 
to Mrt, due to the faot that It mi til la a •lid* ami we had 
an extended period of thawing weather, and the <aen at work re- 
garded It as a dangerous proposition. Jhis work, however, dem- 
onstrated the fast that the ehaaoes are excellent that there 
are some good veins of coal la the vicinity, and It is net un- 
likely that they oould be opened up and worked to ai 
to the park eoBeessioners and this off lee. 

ii. tmsosm.. 






On January 1st there were 57 employees under this 
office; on January 31st there were 55, Below is given a list 
of the number of various olasses of employees serving under 
apoolntnent, with general statement of the kind of work oer- 
fonsisd ay eaah olaaat 

Mat of writ ptrfftw»i- 

Off loo nglneeriag. 

General Blacksmith work. 

1 Disbursing gent and purchasing 
clerk; 1 or; orders, proposals, ana 
vouchers; 1 stenographer, files and 
revenues} 1 on payrolls and tine- 
keeping; 1 on coat accounting and 
in charge of storehouse. 



St. 


Class. 


1 


est. engineer 


1 


filaoketnlth 


s 


Clerks 



1 


steward & iastor of 
ftrausportatlen 


In charge of all transportation. 


3 


electricians 


1 in charge of power plant) 2 


1 


Buffalo Keeper 


In charge of tains buffalo herd. 


1 


Asst. Buffalo r <epr. 


sslsting buffalo keeper. 


1 


rereaen 


In charge of stables. 


1 


den. foreman 


In charge ef construction crew. 


1 


Bandynan 


ork in eeranissery, rationing crews, 
stc. 



-3- 



1 



ilaaa- 



■ 



Heater ecMmlc 



lumber 

£>ainter 

Jelegrsph Opr. 

Telephone <>pr« 

Laborer 

Chief Sanger 

Asafc. Ohf. fiagrs. 

1st Glass park 
rangers. 

Park Bangers 



In oharge of telephone si/stsra. did 
energenoy work and installed in- 



atetn&n at JSeadqnarters 
In <tfarr;e of shaped 
In eharge of auto and 



repairs. 



Zn sham* of general plumbing at 
irs. 



In oharge of general paintings* 
Headquarters* 

Telegraph and switohboard (tele tone, 
operator. 

Telephone switchboard operator. 

Xlsesllaneous work at l-eadquerters. 

In eharge of dancer Feree. 

Assisting Uhlef isnger. 

(In eharge of ranker stations, en 
( duty en the offioe of Chief Hanger; 

ion patrol duty protesting slid 
oniaalsj feeding slid anl:«ils. 



In addition to the regular ewployeee mentioned above, 
the following list of temporary laborers, teamsters, etc., were 
■BjsVfytfti 

tgtmmm i 1 

Sesnster 1 1 

laborer 1 






Daring Jsauary annual leare was granted as follows: 





I aavc 



to 31j 5 days. 

s. 



st 1,500 per 
B per omasa* 



rrlee durlu^' the 



January^920. Yellowstone National Pari 



oyees, 



> 



1 saistaat Chief .aa^er. 

in. /crk QamnxsBb, 

( a ) gmittuBlilaa ft! Uiiaiaal faBavntn.r 

Bs construction work was done taring tbs month, as all 
work Is oa a winter aasls. 

As winter weather conditions prevailed In the park 
taring the month no caaintenaace work on roads was attempted. 

The work of remodeling the old frame stable #47, which 
is to he used as a shelter for rowl machinery Is finished, and the 
■an engaged on that work Is now building a partition near the 
south end of the garage to proride a so urate room for a motor- 
cycle garage and shop. She small craw remaining in the shop and 
garage was farther depleted durin- the month hy sickness and 
taoatlons, and the faot that those remaining at work wore re- 
ulred to assist in cutting ice, haul lay coal and other duties, 
the result Is that little or nothing was aseomplishod t& the way 
of making repairs to tools and machinery. 

One man remained in the engineer office. Ms work con- 
sisted principally' of cataloguing and indexing hlue prints and 
field hooks, and making plans for proposed work to he dons the 



»• work of putting up a supply of ice at iMraoth for 



-5. 



^.VnSK: EST-— 1 - - s * *• 



.jassasrssjss^^ 1 * fc 



^beLS.-* wore «o •**•"■ 
ngatb ©* Jam***** 



1 AMtlM OhUf l-P* 



ii 1-MftH H ******* a***® 81 ^* 



«*!!•» •**' *** 



mil— ^rmm^mmmm 
***** ^^TiT.TSBSS. r^i2ril riileU -» «* 

*• A«it«r Cor ro»» s ® elliI * l.titlou near th» 

f MU 1MMM. «* a*" 3 * p * y^u* for 



- - 



n«st anamer'* use wm eesrcleted on January is. total of 779,1 
tea* v/ere pat up, of whieh 232 ton* were placed in oar loo houses: 
331,? tone went to the f otel Company; 194.3 to the Camping Companyj 
ll.e to George hlttaker, and 9.e to the tartc Carlo &ep. ?he 
work was done by a erew worklag Jointly* under the direction of 
Owners! /erwmen assail, each Interest baarlng its share of the 
pease in proportion to the amount of lae for eaoh one. 2ho 
total cost of cutting the lee, haulln- it 3/4 of a mile an 
las; it in the houses was „ 1.57 par ten. 



_ had on* msehanle 
at work with a helper overhauling it* motor transportation. 



_ employed * oarpeater 
and helper meet of the month remodeling a snlldlag for as* of 
th* Hotels, Camp* and aevemmsnt as* an lee hou** at Stamwth. This 
work, which wa* completed at the end of January, oonslsted In 
making alterations to a frame building whieh had formorly been 
need a* a grain shod, by bearing out the floor, putting la a 
doable lining with building paper between the two lining*, making 
doable doors in three places where simple slide doors war* formerly 
In use, and adding double door* on th* end, and In two places 
on the opposite *lde from the regular door* at convenient inter- 
vals for putting up loot building two single partitions to divide 
the spao* for the various interest*, and making one doable parti- 
tion lined with paner to separate the ioe eompartnents from the 
balaase of the building whieh 1* still In as* a* a storehouse for 
grain, lso making and placlz*? on the roof four ventilators, 
properly spaaed to provide good ventilation for trie loo, and 
giving the door* and ventilator* a priming ooat of red paint to 
make thorn look Ilk* the balance of the building. iJhe part of this 
ballding so remodeled 1* 21 feet wide, 10B feet long, about U feet 
high to the sl ab— i and ki a eapacity of 750 ten* of lee. 
photograph shewing these modification* to the building i* inclosed. 
Ibl* work cost th* otel Company about £71.84. Most of the lumber 
u*ed wa* reclaimed fr -« their old lee hou**. and other old build- 
ing* being *hen'*ed or do 'oliebed. 



I made no im- 
provements, and had but one man In Its employ, who ran the regular 
stage whieh earrles the nail between Kwaraoth and Sardine r. I'hat 
Company raeelved and unloaded one carload of baled hay at Gardiner, 
end hauled it to ifimaoth with the mall stage. Jhey have found it 
advisable to keep op a teem of horses, for use in ease storms are 



heavy enough to prevent travel Inr over the road to Gardiner with 
a motor ear. 

(4) 2sxJot jaa. Jta utile . 

foe to the scarcity of visitors at this tima of tho 
year, this feature of our service is unimportant* 

vr. -umx w nomas. 

Jhe Camping Company has three run employed at J.!amraeth, 
earing for the buildings, overhauling notor transportation, and 
doing odd jobs that can be done in winter. 2hej also hare one 
oar en tor alloyed building benches, oto», in tho shop, for next 
i's use around the camps* 



Ike Yellowstone ark; ..'ratio jortation Conpany has one 
employed permanently* who runs the automobile or wagon whioh hauls 
the mail between Gardiner and Mammoth, and looks after the build- 
ings. V<t is also charged with feeding of hay to the Company* » 
•addle horses (25 in number; which were brought in from the winter 
range on February 3, as they were starving to death on the range, 
beginning since February 1st this company has employed a ear *nter 
and two helpers, who ere enraged in changing the cornice of the 
bunk house from stucco to shingles, to match the garage, which was 
in December. 



Our shop force and other regular employees are engaged 
in overhauling notor transportation, road graders and other 
heavy road equipment, repairing snail tools for next s ea s on* s 
use, repairing harness and tentage, and remodeling one side of 
our shop building to provide a epeelal shop for overhauling motor- 
cycles, and to provide additional room in the shop Ah«re motor 
trucks and ears are repaired and overhauled. 

?he ranger foree Is continuing regular patrols, and one 
ranger is still assigned to the protection of tho -.kxllatin aarae 
('reserve. £we ranfrors are devoting their time to trapping and 
hunting wolves and ooyoteat.. seven and one assistant chief ranger 
are still on duty with/throaloraekB and twjwaas hauling bay for 
the wild animals, froa* ranches near Gardiner, and feeding It near 
the north entrance, and one ranger is engaged with a team at Head- 
quarters feeding elk near the power plant and feeding the surplus 
horses which are being wintered here. Ranger skinner oontinues 
en his important work of collecting specimens for the reposed 
museum, aa v/ell as furnishing photographs and special scientific 



-7- 



data for various purposes ,/hen called upon to do m. 

She buffalo keeper and his assistant an engaged in 
earing for and reading hay to tha buffale at the farm on lemur 

fiiver. 

He new work was begun during the paet month. 

tx. pum oft raoi>oan» wokk. 

Be new work is contemplated for tha month of February, 
hat it is intended to eontinaa the work in cregress, naoaly, 
overhauling trucks and raotor cars, and tha 75-horee-pewer BOMB 
caterplllaa tractor, and repairing tools and road equipment, by 
the shop foroa. Baking end repairing eigne, painting mater ve- 
hioles, and doing soma work inside of bulldinge in the way of 
renovating, painting and fcaleomining ay the painter. finishing 
tha work of altering the partitions in the garage to provide for 
* actor-cycle repair shop and to provide additional roam for the 
work shop for overhauling netere, by Kr. Small, and oontinalng the 
work ef sorting ont Bneervieeahle property and listing same for 
condemnation, and moving and rearranging the storeroom, ay the 
property elerke. Una rangers *ill continue the regular patrols, 
including the work of one ranger mtrolling outside of the park 
in the Gallatin dams -reserve, and also the special work of earing 
for the vfild anl ids, including elk, deer, mountain aheap and 
antalgic that ere wintering and being fed near the northern entrance. 

TIX. 'OUCOiS. 

■e new alleles were adopted daring the month, 
rxxi. mm or saauaim. 

Cast reports for the month of January are inclosed 
herewith, and eonslat principally of salaries of regular employees 
on a winter basis, 

XX. Mai BaffMt Of MMUM* 

IssalsmmMmV 

the mild weather and alight snowfall was a most oleoma 
change from tha severe weather ef the early winter, and gives our 
— P, mountain sheep, antelope, and large hards of elk, whioh are 

eta 



A 

wintering/on both sides of tho north line of the park, a good 
ohanoe t«get through tho winter without the serious loss pre- 
dicted. / : otwithetwadiag this fact, however, tho scarcity of feed 
on the ran?e rendered it nccesswy to continue the foodiacy of hay, 
and t*» trucks and too terns* with seven rangers and one assistant 
shief ranker, were so engaged throughout the swath, working srery 
day. total of 311 tons of hay were haaled sad fed durlngth* 
month, from the supply purchased for the purpose last fall in 
stack near ths north line, and at the bsgiimiag of the month they 
were feodiag 8,000 to 4,000 elk, about 7 1 deer, and 2S0 antelope*. 
As the weather aedsratsd towards tho aidais of the nontb, many of 
these animals went back to higher ground and did not eorae in for 
feed, and the number of elk on the feeding grounds diminished to 
about 1,900 at the end of tho as kit, * :^.vson also oontinued 

the dally feeding from Headquarters of 20 bales of hay a day to 
the herd of elk near the power plant, but this herd also dwindled 
froa about 1,?O0 the first of the month, to 300 or 400 at ths end 
of the 3»nth, they slso drawing bask towards higher ground. 

Ml condition of the elk and other gas* tarring bask 

was not confined to these Wo herds, but was notioeabls among 
all of the herds, both inside and outside of the park. alio all 
indications point to as early spring, thsre is nothing sure about 
this, and wo aro taking ste^s to secure ip»tatlona on additional 
hay for feeding the game, whloh stU oava to be wrohassd should 
we get mors bad weather or a very late spring. 

JtefJEalft* gmUE&t Rangere loess and Easier froa 
toko station report serine 61 of the wild buffalo in the ; el lean 
Talley during the month, of which? were last year»s ealvos. Jhe 
adults were in exselleat eondition, but tho calves were poor and 
it is doubtful if all of thsa will winter. 

2a££al£t turn hflrth At the end of December this herd 
numbered 412 animals. One bull calf died at the mouth of Bear 
Greek, from a general poor condition of health; one oow died near 
the sane pises as she was in poor condition, ixuo to an injury to 
stifle j one eld bell died in the Yellowstone ..Ivor canyon near 
Knsrlss Cabin, and another old bull died on the sacs river, below 
:<nowlce Cabin, both from old age, so far as ths rangers who re- 
ported it could dternine, and one 6-yoar-old bull was shioaed, 
orated, by express to aurora, Illinois, on January 31, under auth- 
ority dajed January 16th. 2his leaves 407 animals in the herd. 
of these 384 wars at ths buffalo farm en Lamar Itiver where they 
wars fed 64 tons of hay, and tho balance, which were old bulls, 
were scattered in snail numbers several miles away from the farm. 



-j- 



Uy statement la last monthly report to the effect that 
tho hard had bean takan to slough Creek to be fed was erroneous. 
Chiof Ranger yeBride told me thay would ha taken then hat later, 
after talking to tho Buffalo Keeper, iaoenbe, they dooidod not to 
take than there until later in the spring, so they fed at the 
lanar Biv*r all the month of December, side from the animals 
that died, the others are rerwrted to he in fair condition. 



AfJEit H© hears war* seen and it is doubtful if any 
of than hare coma out of winter quart*™, though vogue reports 
have been heard that thay have bean seen lower dean the valley 
of the Yellowstone, outside of the park, 

Antelo;a« the antelope ware led dally, with the elk, 
near tho northern entrance, but the warn weather also had its 
effects upon then and they did not oare such for the hay* 30a 
rangers report 250 in the bunoh being fed inside of the park. 
Hanger leeee, who was stationed in the Oallatin Quae . reserve 
Just outside of the park an the wast aide -of the Yellowstone Jdver, 
reports 84 antelope outside of the nark in his district. One dead 
antelope was noted elose to the entrance arah near Gardiner. 

iJajt: .fee deer scattered on account of the warmer 
waatber, even more than did the other animals. But about II fed 
with the elk near the power plant, but auite a number of others 
are located around the dwellings at Headquarter*, where thay are 
fad from the hand and help themselves at the stables. Jh* 
January reports indicate that about 75 ware fad with the elk at 
Oardiner, and Kanger : oese reported 154 wintering in his distriot. 
just outside of the park west of the Yellowstone Hirer, between 
Oardinar and Cerwin Bat Springs. A few days age the rangers haul- 
ing hay fron a ranch down the Yellowstone on the east side, met 
three of our whitetallad dear, which arc vary scarce, traveling 
down the road several alias below the park line. j>hay tried to 
call them back, bat without success, and the last beard of the™. 
they war* nearly at Done ountain and still going* hat causes 
than to leave is a question, but I an beginning to think that the 
presence of such largo hards of elk on their old feeding grounds 
near ttsmooth and on to tlardiner, caused by feeding hay here to 
the elk, is driving the deer, antelope sad sheep to seek other 
ranges. hile the elk do not seam to molest than particularly, 
they are eo nuch larger and nor* numerous that Z fancy the amallar 
and more delicate animals do not enjoy their company and event- 
ually leave. 

lib With the moderation of the weather, oontinnsd 
-10- 



throughout the month, the situation as regards the poseiblo 
testy lost of els hits improved wonderfully, ami if the spring 
conoa reasonably earl", as indicated at present % *11 »i«as, we 
hope for a slight loss only. M ths beginning of tt»o math, about 
tte ttsaal number *ere being fad at tfamaota aad Sardiaer, hut aa 
tho weather got warnsr, thoy began to find food in ths foothills, 
aad began going baoK, until at the end of January there vers not 
orer 1,500 taking hay at Gardiner. 2ae aonditien of these animals 
is fair, except that quite a neater of the calves an near to be 
getting weak, aad quite a mrabar hare died, even those that have 
teen at the feeding grounds all winter, aad the reasons for this 
are doubtful. bile the elk were soattered d-jring January more 
than they were in Ueoeaber end therefor not easy to eount, there 
is no reason why the masters should be very anafa less, as not a 
great number hare died. From all reports received, it apneare 
that those at the feeding grounds are in no tetter condition than 
are these higher up in the park* aad those that are wintering 
outside in tte Abeareka national Forest, and the Oallatla 
aane reserve elose to tte park line, She total number of elk . 
found dead during the month near the feeding grounds at Sardiner 
aad iiaraaoth was 122, of wbleh six were killed while oatehing elk 
for shipment. Of these 98 were calves, 20 cows, aad 4 bulls. The 
elder animals ware mostly in bad aenditlon because of their age. 
West of the calves that diei appeared to be ia fairly good flesh, 
and the cause of their death ia uncertain. Bene think they eat too 
much alfalfa and that the salt which scac of the ranchers pat with 
it when stacking cause the calves to become thirsty aad they 
drink too much water and become chiliad or sick immediately after 
drinking. I aa inclined to think that one of the main causes of 
their death is the fact that they lose their mothers on the hunt- 
ing ground, or otherwise, and miss their care through their first 
hard winter. Jho dead animals ware hauled away where they oannot 
be aeon, by the raxgerswith the hay tracks. 



An estimate of the xsanbar of elk that spent most of the 
month of January outside of the park on the ..act side of the Yellow- 
stone Biver is 700 to 1,000 head, and these appear to be finding 
plenty to eat, though they have been mare or less of a nuisance to 
tte ranchers on that side of the river, tearing down their fences 
and eating their hay, aad have also interfered with our stacks 
that ware purchased for them, ia several Instances. One park ranger 
was stationed at leotrio, to patrol this part of the game preserve, 
daring the month, and the deputies of the State of uontana also 
apeat some time patrolling there ?hls raqger reported having 
found 17 dead elk in this district during tte acuta, all of which 
ted died of gunshot wounds, probably received during the hunting 

-11- 



they were on the opposite aide of the rlTor, as they 
oross back and forth frequently. 

A* to the elk outside of the pork east of the Yellowstone 
Jitrer. Jhis reave has the undivided attention of six forest rangers 
who sre stationed at proper Intervals to cover the oountry from 
the park line to Carbella. Chief Hanger UeBride, Assistant Chief 
Ranger Harry Trleehaaa, and I arte Hanger Dupuls, spent the last 
wee* of January patrolling this country and oame beak with the 
report that they saw 1,678 elk In good condition, and that they 
found 199 dead ones, all of shieh bad died as a result of gunshot 
wounds, probably received during the open se ason whan hunters 
war* plentiful In that district. ?hey did not f lad a single elk 
that had died on account of the hard winter} also that all elk 
were moving up higher an aooount of the mild mather, sod many 
were returning to the perk. A reoent report from ■». Uraest Shaw, 
Supervisor of the Abaarake Rational Forest, whose office is In 
Livingston, and with whoa we ara cooperating la the protaetlon or 
the elk outside ef the park, states that he gets reports from his 
rangers indicating that on the last day of January there wars 
approximately 1,350 head of elk on the area from Bear Creek to 
Six lie, hut that this number was being reduced by the elk drift- 
tag south into the park. Also t;,at hie reports Indicate there arc 
about 1,000 head on the west side of the river, whioh is about in 
accordance with the reports received by us. All reports of the 
elk en the outside indicate that they are well scattered in small 
bands over the area and ara apparently getting good feed at the 
present time. I saw a rancher from Cinnabar Basin two or three 
days since, who told as there were two or three hundred on his 
side of Cinnabar Mountain, higher up on the mountains than fee 
domestic cattle ever went, and that the feed was good up there. 

fttflattB IllE Bert: All reports that are received 
indicate that this small herd is wintering well and is still in 
good oonditlon with prospeots of but little loss. 

She rangers at Riverside station report for the month 
that they saw 70 elk along the 'adlscn Biver, and that all but 
two old bulls were in good condition. 

SfffttlisMa fafrtt I learned fron Ur. ... Henderson, 
Assistant Chief of the United states Biological Purvey, she visited 
the park Feb, 3-4, and who has just returned from the Jackson Pole 
country, that the elk situation there had cleared up and that 
everything was looking in good oonditlon - batter than ours he 
thought. His reports ware also corroborated by a letter received 
from the state Game arden ef Wyoming dated January 24, in whioh 

-ia- 



he bolls me that the conditions over the State of coming art 
not so bed as Indicated la previous reports - especially la tha 
newspapere. That ha la feeding from 4,000 to 8,600 elk la the 
Jackson Kola country, 1,500 to c,o )0 on the hood of lad reiver, 
about 280 In tha Shall Create country, about 200 head near Buffalo, 
aboat 200 In fcedlelne Boa Baaga country, and waa making arraage- 
meats to feed from 700 to 800 la the Days Mver reserve. ;bat 
to data their loea haa been oonf laed to a few oalves and acme very 
old snliuils, and that If the olid weather eontinaee the lose will 
he light, lso that other game le dolw- fine. 

8M.lMat Bf Ofr a total of 210 elk - 183 females aad 
B males - ware shipped from the park daring the month of January 
aa follow st 

BOO to Kooky Koantalae Park of Canada, Banff, Canada, by 
express in four oar loads en January 30, under authority of January 
6, 1920. Xr. Howard Slhhald, Chief Game ardea of the Canadian 
i"arka oarae after these animals aad waa assisted ay fcr. Howard satoa 

2?J IM . ta f ""^ •Wl»»to *» h*»411^ *« ahlpmeat aattle and 
wild antaala, Heatly animals eoming too years old were selected 
for this trip, and I hare heard froa the park superintendent to tha 
effect that 195 reached their destination alive. Inaamaeh aa this 
was a Sorernment shipment, we assisted Kr, Slhhald in oatohinr 
them aad loading, la owery way i*aetieable t resulting in a eon- 
slderahlo saving la east to his aoreronent. 



. 21 to Board of i'ark Ooamiss loners, Minneapolis, 

i'-ian., eaa 5^rear-old hull and one 0-7 ear-old oow, under authority 
January 12. Those wore reported to he In fine condition when re- 
ceived. I'hay v/era shipped hy express, orated, 

Te President aissell, agricultural and Mechanical College of 
Texas, College citation, Joxas, an Jaiuarytl, a 2-year-old ball aad 
too 1-year-old oows, under authority of January 6, 

To the City of Aurora, Illinois, four oows 2 to 3 years old, 
by express, orated, on January 23, under authority January 16. 
One of these oows eaoapad from the orate la Livingston, noataaa, 
aad returned to the range. She waa replaced by another oow shipped 
January 26. 

MHatafa tfrtfp, a total of lO? mountain sheep were seen 
daring tha month, of which 55 ware found north of the Yellowstone 
Hlver, aad 54 ca the south side of the river. Jhose that frequent 
the Gardiner Canyon ware not in evidence during the month, aa they 
ueaally go beak on Ht. Everts whoa the weather is mild, 

-13- 



lifiOJft: Hangers -iness and Frasier w 8 boom on mm 
of their trips on aids to the Upper Yellowstone. 2he razors 
at .ivorald* atatioa reported seeing signs of anose durinjj fcbolr 
trips in their district. 

tfantATflTBli rtfltT),n3j|t Complaints of depredation* by 
volvos and ooyotos were not naoeroua during the noutb . Me 
Banger*. ndereon and Doraiag, devoted a»et of their tfcno to 
hunting, tra-oping and poisoni!** these sal a*, but their scarcito 
is Indicated by toe fact that they together Silled tat 14 eoyotoe, 
3 wolves and 1 fox daring the aonth. 3wo of the wolves and about 
half of the ooyotos killed -.var© fenalea. Ranger Dewing reports 
reoaatl^- that the elk are working into the district around ?o«w 
i'alis and Soda Butte reoently, and that the ooyotos are following 
thso in sad ho expects better results. 

2b* vara weather has unoorored considerable forage 
and ;aad* it available for She elk and other aaimls. I have had 
several reports that it had been noted that grass has started in 
several places, bat it is hardty credible that this will haprien 
to an extent to do any good for several aoetc* to eoae. 

.lie Yellowstone .arte ;raas ortatlou Coc^aoy's agent in 
the pari, inforned em that ho found the e*»paay*s saddle bora** 
whieh they use in the park in sumer, starving to death on their 
winter food grounds which they had felled in the Yellowstone Vttley, 
and as was obliged to bring then to iaasoth and feed then hay 
for the balai.ee of the winter. 

Birds . 

Soaks arc £falte in evidence on Gardiner Jlver. Clarke 
Crows and Sippers fVator Ousels) are also seen daily. 2he latter 
are seen along the Gardiner Hirer, and have been singing for 
several seeks, indicating that they ere nesting or jyorparlag to 
nest soon. 

gish, 

a few fish war* ta?a»a in the warn water of Qardiner River 
oaring the wntb, by residents, and a few whitofish were taken hy 
Gerdiaer rosidents near the swath of the Sardiaer, in the Yellow- 
stone i.lver. 



-i .- 



tk» ureal petrols ware rmde V *»hrwre *n atationa, and 
apeeial patrola ware a»de la the tearofca aUoMl fereat adjoin- 
ing the park, aa Indicated previously la thd* rr«rt. On* ranger 
wa» stationed at Kleetrla, aontena, to aaalat too utate aathorlties 

la patromn? tho ?«no preaerre on the west side of the Tellowatoae 
R*»er, 

Arraeta ana Tl«Mt4aaj of fte frff- 

H* arreeto war* "?ade, and no violation ef r*rulatloaa 
reported, duria* the month of January, United vt-»tea Ceanlasloaer 
John . eldnsn left oa January lath for a vaeetien, hut tee a no 
lnfarned of hla Address wad will return to tho i*rk oa abort no- 
tloe If an arrest la -wde re ulrln* a trial In court. 



9m following named apoelal Tlaltora vlaitad the peak 
•1 :rlnp Jrjw.iry, -vnelyi 

. . . okIo-j, \mWWum o- -Je ;.ll -la:. -.ion 1 
Koroet, i r, meat hue, «i orvleor of the osareka National 
forest, end forest ••ncer oiala, all oa January Z2A la oon*c- 
tlon with our oo-oporatlie arraageusata to eare for tho elk 
horde outalda of tho pare. 

Mr, v. J. Urunar, of Ilea Jtt,. , Montana, and :.r. 
' letor <><:, of :;d#evater, . ..on January loth. In ooanee- 
tlon with their propoaot oontraot to haul freight through the 
park for mln* owner* of ooke, Hra wine, 

. oward lhhald, Chief Oae» ardea of the vanadlaa 
national xarne, aad Ur.floward Satan, of oir, v ,o., .faaumy 15 
to 20, in ooaneetien *lth tho oaptore and ablj*mt of a>0 elk 
to Banff, Canada, for the oevy :*>untatna National • r.-c 

ar,iJeward Jlay». a neral Manager of the Tellowatoae 
;ark C«apla» Coapeny, oa January 17 and Id, la toe latereata 
of hla oeapaay, 

'eodamee . . ryor end llaabeth Jrlsonaaa, owner a 
of the I ark Carlo • hon, left the >ark on January 4 far ireat 
rails, fcntaaa, and Dearer, Colorado* 



Kepresentatlwes of motion . lot-ire corporations 
In tho i^rk during January aa followai 

-16- 



•rait uato of 

- o* , .utter; ty __ ; *l ^ju. ^wlcui Ja_jucS 

BS 

-.2 . iseoflk of lOdy, ,yo« J m.l 



.0 

avyOMtiM : . 

Jatu6 . . i.uoltr of . ovoll, yo« Jan.* 

for t» 

International . L2n *nflo«, . . Jan.19 

Jan* 7 JNH ii.oill l;z;d, .1 «.6 

for to 

•a. J tin, 31 

MHVttf Ui oaoh o? thaao suts %'»a ?lron fca you ay 
wtr*, an* fMBttt MM MM out tot, Mtc ittoao, 

tuul forwnrdod to yoa fr.r a xnral, ho -*-nU zsoaoora cannot to 
glron uooro. as notleo of tho spproYal and water a glron oaoh 

norait h»e not Wu ra«»lY4£. 

ii latOMMim fact in ©oa-vootlon 1.th tbo rislt of 
. Ill it that :»o dwalre-'. to got plotarsa of t movjitalm lion 
hunt, but several attorcpta to do «o fallod Mi tho r»a«on that 
MittiM hit ffuldo, iovo lkine, /no has an oxoollost oaoic of 
houadA aad ii oxpo .-lanood : Laf lions, nor onr rawroro, 

wer atl* u> \>sito *ay lion* in the ark, indie* Sine that thoy 
aro ooaroor in tho nark than vxual. 



iil«ltIl«itMa 

« late frose oror on Doooafcer Uu .'his data 

.-■ -r,. <ld. 

fi tttQrt.iin ffgn.ti*' MM ^hosrs MM bald w«o>dLy at I «ad 
v ijvar.l.t-f , -o oratioo orraajaaaat 

ootvoun jar* oaployoea >«ct tho roaldoata of ^aMinor, .^ntanow 
Bo adniBBion foso wore ehaiRod* 

teJQVwi T<fi7J«au. -hnrcfc eorriooa **ro hold Orory 
oooond .unac* in th« -Aa;'Ol, b. . , laoooal 

minlator froa aiprsmt, 'Montana* io-Utlrn cle ot readings 
were hold, oaoh undo,, af torno <a, at li30 o'cloo*. 



oaaona of tho <ark one taken during January* 
try ono of our elesrka, -. . . , «r, o orating undo- tho diroofclon 

- 16 - 



of tiw .aiwau . ujoos vuuui i»ure**-» .'bars ara 1*5 ooylo 
residing In «ha park, of otiloh 116 roalde at " trioth 
•>iirla#;a. 



•null vli-Ufc* .. |hg ant 

as the wrsinna os' *•• Nffl Short, ire .ilroad, >'-••»> to - 
fore kaura aa '»_iovaso>m, o:.tana, wa. in ujbo to 

aat Tnl vttau, Canton*, V an ordar fro-, taa oatofflaa 
Depart>arat. >.iu M £V>auA uoaoaaary to arold uaoa. aonfaalon 
of mall aarvioa harotof; :-o ->e* islonod V tea alall*rity of 
aan* to iti* poatuivio* it maoth Put - i-iiva .' r ' is 
of/laially a* Tallowavin* ;>• 

.11 Jm I 

!u»s boom Avrtbar al=j»>d lr aoautlTa 

atarla* of 
the *a»la» >*ailau . 

-• >"' ..'.,. i, .' 1'- ., - , . . . c • „~'.i I iv ; .-;..'. ? 

«or*3| rosorvod 1.0S aaras althi-t lot 1 of this tract far ad- 
uwciiYo dm je 'oraet **?vica *y taaya- 

■ .ttre* frum .Ul font or disposal flu. 02 
«a»'©~. '■■»g oasacmtloa of 

It* eale tJ ;br. Qr«j«l havi ilaa . . I rosorred 

f,r ;-../.<. .i yar.rjso* xtaCv « ?r-00, . ., tlM toalanaa 

of tte Vraat. 

•Tssaati fp a a otafly fr irtfy Massf! aajr taa 

tndleattor.;! f;r *n tarlj e rlge «re wort axaollaat. £hia ra- 
aietica 1 5 taxeao principally on th» fr.ot that ol* id door ara 
sfcaoVUEs their hcrua a^rl'o snaa 'ieual. sn«i teat aeodahnoks 
t] were eo» . c and o^aln oa t'atraarjr 5, 

tndlaatipa; that thftjr ara oat to stay. 

.. •.:: I J. «■ ... I."'.. . , 

"!t» tima?. rv.art af amnios ^lioatad, dua oa* traaa- 
afttfiad, Hfathar it: ■■■* Mia«t aai .'facjxn totaiitaj „25t.80, 
aa oallad far »y forms 10-69 and 10-60, la Inoloaad. rlsasa 
Mkaawladga recast. 

Cordial V /cure, 

• r .i 

Iaolo; iotlng auparlatandont. 

- 
-17-